Recruiting your staff

Labour force in Bulgaria

Bulgaria has a workforce of 3.3 million which is acquiring a reputation for its creativity, entrepreneurial spirit, and innovation. The country is known for its intelligence, as it ranks second in the international IQ tests hosted by MENSA International and also second in the world for achieving the highest score in the SAT. It also holds the third place award in Europe and the tenth place with respect to the number of certified IT professionals in the world.
Bulgarian students are famous for receiving awards from International Olympiads in Mathematics, Informatics, Physics, Biology, Chemistry, etc.


Cost to employer

Every employer has to pay mandatory social security and health insurance for each employee. The mandatory insurance contributions are as follows:

  • Between 30.7% - 31.4% paid by both the employer and the employee in a certain ratio. This includes:
  • 12.8% - pensions fund
  • 5% - universal pensions fund
  • 0.4% - 1.1% - occupational accident and professional disease fund (the rate depends on the field of activity)
  • 3.5% - general illness and maternity fund
  • 1% - unemployment fund
  • 8% - health insurance fund

The amount of the insurance base is the gross remuneration less statutory deductions in some cases. The insurance base is capped at BGN 2000 monthly.
Social security treaties
Foreigners may not be subject to social security contributions in Bulgaria or the contributions they make may be recognized in their home country under an applicable bilateral or multilateral social security agreement.
Link: Average wages and salaries, NSI:
Link: National Social Security Institute:
Labor code

Useful links


Employing Foreign Citizens

Foreigners who are not EU/EEA or Swiss citizens have the right to work in the country if:

  • They are hired by employer in the accordance with the Labour Codex
  • They are commissioned for a particular term by a foreign employer within the framework of offering services on Republic of Bulgaria territory
  • They wish to be self-employed

Foreign citizens’ employment in Republic of Bulgaria is regulated in the Employment Promotion Act and related sub-legal acts of the Council of Ministers.
Employment could be performed only after the issue of NEA Work Permit.
Foreigners who are EU/EEA or Swiss citizens and members of their families can work in Bulgaria without the issue of NEA Work Permit. They have to make a registration as jobseekers in Employment Office.
For more information on work permits, visit the National Employment Agency website (link: or the Employment and Work section of the InvestBulgaria Agency website (link:
For information about the legal framework and the procedure for registering an employment contact, visit

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